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  • a (dirije) (pr) = to, towards, at (moving toward) (pr)
  • a (loca) (pr) = at (in the same location as) (pr)
  • a ante (av) = forward, ahead (av)
  • a esta modo, como esta = so (in this fashion)
  • a estra (av) = out (not in) (av)
  • a la min, a minima (av) = at least, not less than (>=) (av)
  • a la pasada distante (av) = long ago (in the far past) (av)
  • a la plu, a masima (av) = at most, only, just, merely, not more than (<=) (av)
  • a no tempo (av) = never (av)
  • a retro (av) = back (to previous place / condition) (av)
  • a su (av) = down (av)
  • a supra (av) = up (av)
  • a tempo, puntual, no tarda (aj/av) = timely, prompt, on time (av/aj)
  • abea = bee (member of genus Apis)
  • abita (v) = reside, dwell, live (v)
  • abri, fora = opening, orifice
  • abri, leva (v) = pry {British
  • abrida (aj) = open (not shut) (aj)
  • acaso, asidente = accident (unintentional and unexpected event)
  • acel (aj/pn) = that (demonstrative) (aj/pn)
  • acorda (v) = agree (v)
  • acrupi (v) = squat (v)
  • acua = water
  • acuin, fluente (aj) = runny, thin (of little viscosity) (aj)
  • aderi (v) = adhere (hold tightly to / stick to something) (v)
  • adio = goodbye
  • adirije = address (postal co-ordinates)
  • adomen = abdomen
  • afunda (v) = sink (v)
  • ago = needle
  • agu (aj) = sharp, keen, pointy, acute (aj)
  • aida (v) = help, assist, aid (v)
  • aidante (aj) = auxiliary (aj)
  • aira = air
  • ajita, scude (v) = stir, agitate (v)
  • ala, a acel loca (av) = there (at/to that place) (av)
  • alcalin (aj) = alkaline (aj)
  • alcol = alcohol
  • alfabeta = alphabet
  • alga (aj) = some, any (no particular one of)
  • alia = wing (of bird etc.)
  • alio = garlic (herb of sp. Allium sativum)
  • alo = hello
  • alora (time) = then (in time)
  • alta (aj) = high, tall (of much height) (aj)
  • alterna (v) = alternate, take turns (do X then Y then X then Y) (v)
  • altia = height (distance from ground / baseline to top)
  • ama (v) = love (v)
  • amarga (aj) = bitter (aj)
  • ambasador = ambassador
  • ambiente = environment, surroundings, context
  • ami = friend
  • amin (aj) = nice, kind, affable (aj)
  • amira (v) = admire (v)
  • an si = though
  • anca = hip
  • ance (av) = also, additionally, too (av)
  • ancora (av) = still, yet (even until the time mentioned) (av)
  • anelo = ring, torus, loop, circuit, closed curve
  • angula = angle (the relation of two lines radiating from a point)
  • animal = animal (non-vegetable creature)
  • anio = year
  • anjel, fe = angel, fairy (supernatural flying humanoid)
  • ano = anus
  • anoiante, tedios (aj) = boring, tedious (aj)
  • ante (en spasio) (pr) = before, in front of, ahead of (spatially) (pr)
  • ante (en tempo) (pr) = before, prior to, earlier than (pr)
  • anunsia, avisa = advertisement
  • anunsia, proclama (v) = announce, proclaim (v)
  • aora (av) = now (at this time) (av)
  • aprende (v) = learn (v)
  • aproba (v) = approve (of) (v)
  • arabasa (v) = sweep (v)
  • aracide = peanut (plant/seed/pod of sp. Arachis hypogaea)
  • arado = plow (plough)
  • arania = spider, arachnid
  • arbitror = umpire, referee, official
  • arbor = tree
  • arboreta = bush, shrub
  • arcivo = file (dossier; loose bundle of data), record (a cache of information)
  • arco (forma) = arch
  • arco (per flexas) = bow (for arrows)
  • arco de sielo = rainbow
  • arde (v) = burn (v)
  • area = region, area (a quantity of space within boundaries)
  • arena = sand
  • arjila = clay
  • ariva = arrival
  • arjento = silver (the metal)
  • arma = weapon
  • armada = army
  • armonia = harmony (pleasing combination of stimuli)
  • arnes = harness
  • arte = art (creative craft; productive use of talent)
  • article = article, essay (piece of text about one topic)
  • artifisial (aj) = artificial (deliberately made by humans) (aj)
  • asconde (v) = hide, conceal (v)
  • asendador = elevator {British lift}
  • asende, trepa (v) = climb (v)
  • asente (aj) = absent (aj)
  • asentua (v) = emphasize, accentuate, stress (v)
  • aser = steel
  • aseta (v) = accept (willingly receive) (v)
  • asi, a esta loca (av) = here (in/to this place) (av)
  • asida (aj) = sour, acid(ic) (aj)
  • asino = donkey, ass (Equus asinus)
  • asorbe (v) = absorb (v)
  • asta (pr) = till (pr)
  • asta, prosima a (pr) = near, close to (pr)
  • ata = act, deed
  • ataca (v) = attack (v)
  • atende = attention (active perception)
  • atenta (v) = try, attempt, endeavor (v)
  • atico = attic, garret
  • ativia = activity, bustle, ado
  • atletisme = athletics (games involving physical skill), sports
  • atom = atom
  • atrae (v) = attract (v)
  • aumenta, crese, grandi (v) = increase (become or make greater in quantity) (v)
  • auto = car, automobile (wheeled motor vehicle)
  • automatica (aj) = automatic (aj)
  • autono = autumn, fall
  • autonom (aj) = independent (aj)
  • autoria = authority (the right/power to command)
  • avara (aj) = greedy (aj)
  • ave (v) = have (possess / be furnished with) (v)
  • avena = oat (plant/seed of genus Avena)
  • aveni (v) = happen, occur (v)
  • averti, avisa (v) = warn (v)
  • avia = bird (egg-laying feathered animal with wings)
  • avion = airplane, aircraft
  • axa = axe
  • azul (la color de sielo), blu (la color de mer) (aj) = blue (aj)
  • baca = berry (small pulpy fruit)
  • baia = bay (small body of water offset from lake or sea)
  • bal = ball (spheroidal plaything)
  • balansa = scale (device to measure weight)
  • balansi, ecuilibra = balance, equilibrium
  • balde = bucket, pail
  • balena = whale (large marine mammal of order Cetacea)
  • baleta = bullet
  • balon = balloon
  • bambu = bamboo (plant/stem of genera Bambusa / Arundinaria / Dendrocalamus)
  • banana = banana (plant/fruit of genus Musa)
  • banco = bank (monetary institution)
  • banda (de color) = stripe
  • banda (de cuoro) = strap
  • banda (de tela) = band, tape, flat strip
  • bandera = flag, banner
  • banio = bath
  • bar = tavern, bar, pub
  • bara = bar, rod
  • barata (aj) = cheap, inexpensive (aj)
  • barba = beard
  • barco = boat
  • barcon = ship
  • baril = barrel, cask
  • basa (no alta), corta (aj) = low, short (not tall; of little height) (aj)
  • basa (no profunda) (aj) = shallow (of little depth) (aj)
  • base (loca), noda, stasion = base, node, station (point from which things go or are done)
  • base, funda = basis, foundation (part which supports the rest)
  • basebal = baseball
  • bascetbal = basketball
  • bastante, sufisinte (av) = enough, sufficiently (av)
  • baston, raceta = bat, stick, racket/racquet (any ball-hitting tool)
  • bata (v) = beat (repeatedly hit), batter (v)
  • baton = club, cudgel
  • bebe = baby, infant
  • bela (aj) = beautiful (aj)
  • besa (v) = kiss (v)
  • bevi (v) = drink (v)
  • biblioteca = library
  • bilete = ticket, coupon
  • biliardo = pool, billiards
  • bir = beer
  • bisicle = bicycle
  • blanca (aj) = white (aj)
  • bloco = block (solid flat-surfaced mass of material)
  • bobin = spool, reel (cylinder onto which something is wound)
  • boca = mouth
  • bol = bowl (deep round dish)
  • boli (v) = boil (v)
  • bomba = bomb
  • bon (aj) = good (aj)
  • bon (av) = well (in a good fashion) (av)
  • bondise (v) = bless (wish good upon) (v)
  • bones (pl) = merchandise, goods, wares
  • borda = edge
  • bote = can (presealed metal container) {British tin}
  • boteca = store, shop, boutique
  • botela = bottle
  • boton (de camisa...) = button (on a shirt etc.)
  • boton (de caseta...) = knob
  • boton (de planta) = bud (of flower/leaf)
  • bove = cow/bull, cattle (bovine animal of either sex)
  • bove (carne de) = beef
  • braso = arm (shoulder to hand)
  • brice = brick (hard clay block)
  • brilia (v) = shine (radiate light) (v)
  • briliante (aj) = bright (with much light present) (aj)
  • brosa = brush
  • brun (aj) = brown (aj)
  • bruta (aj) = dirty, contra-clean (aj)
  • bulto, protende = bump, protrusion
  • bur = butter
  • bus = bus
  • cada, tota (aj) = every, each (aj)
  • cadena = chain (connected series of rings or links)
  • cafe = coffee (plant/seeds of sp. Coffea arabica)
  • caje = cage
  • calcula (v) = calculate, reckon (v)
  • calda (aj) = hot (aj)
  • caldia = heat, warmth
  • calseta = sock, hose, stocking
  • cambia, muta (v) = change (become/make different), vary (v)
  • camion = truck {British
  • camisa = shirt
  • campa = camp, bivouac, temporary shelter
  • campana, campaneta = bell
  • campania (political) = campaign (for political office)
  • campania (tera rural) = rural area, countryside
  • campo = field (unbroken expanse of land)
  • can = dog (Canis familiaris)
  • canaba = hemp, marijuana (plant/material of sp. Cannabis sativa)
  • canal = canal, channel, ditch
  • candela = candle
  • canon = cannon
  • canta (v) = sing (v)
  • capas (aj) = able (capable) (aj)
  • capasia = ability, capacity (to do something)
  • capel = hair
  • capitol (de libro) = chapter (main division of book)
  • capra = goat (animal of genus Capra)
  • capris = whim, caprice
  • car = because
  • cara (multe moneta) (aj) = expensive, costly (aj)
  • cara, amada (aj) = dear, precious, cherished (aj)
  • carater = character (role or personality)
  • carbon = coal
  • carbono = carbon
  • carga = load, burden
  • carne = meat, flesh
  • caro, vagon (de tren) = cart, carriage, wagon (wheeled vehicle; not self-propelled)
  • carota = carrot (plant/root of sp. Daucus carota sativus)
  • carta = card (stiff rectangle of material)
  • cartamo = safflower (Carthamus tinctorius)
  • casa = house (a free-standing man-made dwelling-building), home
  • casco = pod (seed pod)
  • categoria = category, classification
  • catran = tar (dark viscous liquid obtained by destructive distillation)
  • causa, fa (v) = cause (induce something to be/happen) (v)
  • cauta = caution, prudence, carefulness
  • cauxo = rubber
  • cava = cave
  • cavalo = horse (Equus caballus)
  • caveta (aj) = hollow (aj)
  • caxa = box (rigid rectangular receptacle)
  • ce (aj/pn) = what
  • ce (cj) = that (e.g. "I know that you are right") (cj)
  • ce (comparada a...) (pr/cj) = than, compared to (pr/cj)
  • ceso = cheese
  • ci = who
  • cimica = chemical (substance made by or used in chemistry)
  • clama (v) = call, summon (v)
  • clara (aj) = clear, plain (easy to see/understand) (aj)
  • clave (per securador) = key (metal device for operating lock)
  • clave (util) = wrench {British spanner}
  • clima = weather
  • clo = nail (pointy fastener)
  • clui (v) = close (v)
  • cluida (aj) = closed, shut (aj)
  • coce (v) = cook (prepare by applying heat) (v)
  • coda = tail
  • col = cabbage (plant/leaves of sp. Brassica oleracea capitata)
  • colabora, coopera (v) = cooperate, collaborate (v)
  • colar = collar
  • colera (aj) = angry (aj)
  • colie = set (complete group of similar items)
  • colie, recolie, junta (v) = gather, collect (bring or come together) (v)
  • colina = hill (smaller than a mountain)
  • colo = neck
  • color = color
  • colpa (con la pede) (v) = kick (v)
  • colpa (con punio, cotela, etc) (v) = stab, jab (v)
  • greve = strike (work stoppage as protest)
  • colpa (v) = hit, strike (v)
  • colpa, xoca = stroke, jolt, blow of force
  • comanda = command, order, directive
  • combata (v) = fight, combat (v)
  • combustable = fuel
  • come = meal (occasion for eating)
  • come (v) = eat (v)
  • come de matina = breakfast
  • come de sera = dinner (evening meal)
  • come media = lunch
  • comeda = food
  • comensa (v) = begin, commence, start (v)
  • comforta = comfort (freedom from pain and/or worry)
  • comica (aj) = funny, comical (aj)
  • comite = committee (group appointed to do a task)
  • como (av) = how
  • como (pr, cj) = as (cj) like, similar to (pr)
  • compania = company (a business organization), firm
  • compare (v) = compare (v)
  • compatia = mercy, compassion
  • compatia (v) = pity, feel compassion toward, feel sorry for (v)
  • compete (v) = compete, strive, vie (v)
  • completa (aj) = whole, entire, complete (aj)
  • complicada (aj) = complex (aj)
  • compra (v) = buy, purchase (v)
  • comprende (v) = understand, comprehend (v)
  • compromete = compromise
  • computador = computer (electronic instruction-obeying information-handler)
  • comun (aj) = common, general (shared by all members of a group) (aj)
  • comunia = community (individuals sharing space / culture)
  • comunica = communication (exchange of information)
  • comuta, lia, junta = connection, joint, junction
  • con (la compania de...) (pr) = with (accompanied by) (pr)
  • con (usande...) (pr) = by means of, via, per, with (using; through instrumentality of) (pr)
  • conca = shell
  • concombre = cucumber (Cucumis sativus)
  • condui = behavior, conduct
  • condui, gida (v) = guide, lead (v)
  • coneo = rabbit (animal of family Leporidae)
  • confesa (v) = admit, confess (v)
  • confida (v) = trust (v)
  • cono = cone
  • conose, sabe = knowledge
  • conose, sabe (v) = know (v)
  • consela = advice
  • consensa (aj) = conscious, aware (aj)
  • conserva, manteni (v) = preserve, maintain (keep X in good condition) (v)
  • consonante = consonant (non-vowel)
  • constante (aj) = constant, invariant, stable (aj)
  • constitui = constitution (charter of an organization)
  • construi (v) = build (join materials to create), construct (v)
  • construida = building, edifice (structure with walls and roof)
  • consuma (v) = consume, deplete, expend, exhaust, use up (v)
  • conta = account (record of money received/paid/owed), bill, invoice (statement of money owed)
  • conta (v) = count, enumerate (v)
  • contamina (v) = pollute, contaminate (v)
  • contenador = container
  • conteni (v) = contain (v)
  • continua (v) = continue, keep on doing/being (v)
  • contra (pr) = against (pr)
  • contrato = contract (agreement-document)
  • controla (v) = control (v)
  • conveninte (aj) = suitable, proper, fit(ting), appropriate (aj)
  • copia = copy (a duplicate)
  • copre = copper
  • copula (v) = copulate, have sex (with) (v)
  • cor = heart (coronary muscle)
  • corajia (aj)) = courage, bravery
  • corco = cork (tree/elastic tissue of sp. Quercus suber)
  • corda, cordon, cordeta = cord, cable, rope, string
  • core (v) = run (v)
  • coreta (aj) = right, correct (aj)
  • corno = horn (bone-like growth from animal's head)
  • corpo = body
  • corta (de tempo) (aj) = short, brief (of little duration) (aj)
  • corta (no longa o alta) (aj) = short (of little length) (aj)
  • corte = court (of law)
  • corti (v) = cut (v)
  • cortina = curtain
  • cosa = thing
  • cose (v) = sew (v)
  • costum = habit, custom, routine practice
  • cotel = knife
  • coton = cotton (plant/fibers of genus Gossypium)
  • covre = cover (thing put onto or extended over something else)
  • covre (de la leto) = blanket (large piece of soft material used as a cover)
  • crase (v) = crush (press on so as to break or re-shape) (v)
  • cravata = necktie
  • crea (v) = create, make (bring into existence) (v)
  • creda (v) = believe (accept as true) (v)
  • credito = credit (permission to borrow money)
  • crema = cream (from milk)
  • crese (v) = expand, grow (v)
  • creta = chalk
  • cria (v) = cry out, shout, yell (v)
  • crimin = crime
  • cristal = crystal
  • critica (v) = criticize (v)
  • cruel (aj) = cruel (aj)
  • crus = cross (perpendicular intersection of linear items)
  • cual (aj/pn) = which
  • cualia = quality, trait, attribute, characteristic
  • cuando = when
  • cuantia = quantity (amount / number / magnitude)
  • cuartso = quartz
  • cuasi (av) = almost, nearly (av)
  • cuatro (num) = four (num)
  • cubo = cube
  • cucaraxa = cockroach (insect of order Blattaria)
  • cuerco = oak (tree of genus Quercus)
  • cuieta (aj) = quiet, soft, faint (of little sonic intensity) (aj)
  • culier = spoon
  • culmina, alta = top, peak, summit
  • culpa (v) = blame (v)
  • culpable (aj) = guilty, blame-worthy (aj)
  • cultur = culture (the customs and beliefs of a people)
  • cuneo = wedge
  • cuoro = leather (prepared hide)
  • cupola = dome (anything shaped like an upside-down bowl)
  • cura, preocupa = care, concern (about someone / something)
  • curva = curve
  • curva, curvada (aj) = bent (aj)
  • curvable (aj) = flexible (easily able to bend) (aj)
  • cuxin = pillow, cushion
  • danjer = danger (situation in which harm is probable)
  • dansa (v) = dance (v)
  • data = date (coordinates of a day given in some timekeeping system)
  • datilo/datila (arbor/fruta) = date (tree/fruit of sp. Phoenix dactylifera)
  • de (orijin) (pr) = from, out of, away from, off (not on, off of) (pr)
  • de (posese) (pr) = of (owned by; belonging to; associated with; containing the measured quantity) (pr)
  • de asi, de esta loca, a via (av) = away (from this or that place) (av)
  • debe (v ) = should, ought to (is/are expected/advised to ...); must (aux)
  • debe, obliga = duty (obligation)
  • debil (aj) = feeble (aj)
  • deesira, vole (v) = want, wish, desire (v)
  • defeto, nonperfeta = flaw, defect, imperfection
  • delude = disappointment
  • demanda = question, query
  • demanda (v) = ask, inquire, request, ask for (v)
  • demente, fol (aj) = insane, crazy, mad (aj)
  • denova (av) = again, once more, re- (av)
  • densa (aj) = dense (of much density), concentrated, thick, intense (aj)
  • densia = density
  • dente = tooth
  • depende (v) = depend on, rely on (v)
  • des (num) = ten (num)
  • desastre = disaster, catastrophe
  • descrive (v) = describe (v)
  • descura = neglect, negligence, apathy
  • deserto = desert
  • deside (v) = decide (v)
  • desinia (v) = draw (create a design) (v)
  • desinia, scema = chart, diagram
  • destina = destination
  • destra (aj) = right(-hand) (aj)
  • destrui (v) = destroy (contra-create; cause to cease existing) (v)
  • deta = debt, obligation to pay
  • detalia = detail
  • deveni (v) = become (begin to be; acquire the quality...) (v)
  • di (num) = half (1/2) (num)
  • dia = day (daytime -- as opposed to night), diurnal period
  • dia (dia completa) = day (24-hour period)
  • dia santa = sabbath (day of week with religious significance)
  • diagonal (aj) = diagonal, slanted (aj)
  • difere = differ
  • diferente (aj) = different (aj)
  • difisil (aj) = difficult, hard (aj)
  • diminui (v) = decrease (become or make lesser in quantity), shrink, contract (v)
  • diminuinte = tapered (becoming narrower toward an end) (aj)
  • dio = god, diety
  • direta (aj) = direct, immediate (with no intermediaries or obstacles) (aj)
  • direto = right (a right to do/be ...)
  • dirije = direction (orientation of motion)
  • dirije, maneja (v) = manage (v)
  • disco = disk, disc
  • discute (v) = discuss, talk about (v)
  • dise (v) = say, tell, express in words (v)
  • disionario = dictionary
  • disolve (v) = dissolve (v)
  • disputa = argument (verbal dispute)
  • distante, a distante (aj/av) = far (at / to a great distance) (aj/av)
  • distantia = distance (amount of space from X to Y)
  • distingui (v) = distinguish, differentiate, tell one from another (v)
  • dito = finger
  • dito, dito de la pede = toe
  • diton = thumb
  • diverti = entertainment
  • divide (v) = divide (v)
  • divina (v) = guess, conjecture (v)
  • do (av) = where
  • dole = pain
  • dole (v) (sensa dole), feri (causa dole) = hurt (suffer pain) (v)
  • doman (av) = tomorrow (av)
  • dona (v) = give (v)
  • dormi (v) = sleep (v)
  • dorso = back (dorsal area)
  • dragon = dragon (winged serpent with crested head and large claws)
  • drena = drain (device that removes unwanted liquid)
  • du (num) = two (num)
  • dulse (aj) = sweet (aj)
  • dur (aj) = hard, firm, resistant to pressure (aj)
  • dura = duration (amount of time consumed)
  • durable, forte (aj) = durable, resilient, robust, strong (in this sense) (aj)
  • duta (v) = doubt (v)
  • dux = shower, sprinkle
  • e (cj) = and, plus (cj)
  • eclise = eclipse
  • economia = economy
  • eda = age (degree of oldness / youngness)
  • efeto = effect (noun)
  • egal (aj) = equal (aj)
  • egali = match (a thing suitably associated with another)
  • eglesa = church (building or institution of public worship)
  • el (pn) = he, she, him, her, it (pn)
  • elastica (aj) = elastic (able to regain shape/size after deformation) (aj)
  • electrica = electricity
  • eleje = choice
  • eleje (v) = choose, pick (out), select one of many possibilities (v)
  • eleje, vota (v) = elect (select by voting) (v)
  • elemento = element (substance of irreducible simplicity)
  • elianto = sunflower (plant/bloom of sp. Helianthus annuus)
  • elise = helix (any corkscrew-shaped object)
  • elmo = helmet
  • embarasa = embarrassment
  • emplea, labora, taxe = job, employment
  • en (spasio) (pr) = in (located inside of) (pr)
  • en (tempo) (pr) = during (pr)
  • en loca de, per (pr) = instead of, rather than (pr)
  • en, en cuando, durante (pr/cj) = while (pr)
  • encarga, debe, obliga, promete = responsibility, liability, accountability
  • encontra (v) = meet, encounter, come across (v)
  • enemi = enemy
  • enerjia = energy
  • enfante = child
  • enferno = hell, Hades
  • engoli (v) = swallow (v)
  • engranaje = gear (toothed wheel)
  • enorme (aj) = huge, enormous, gigantic (aj)
  • ensirca = fence (outdoor barrier supported by posts)
  • entra (v) = enter, go into (v)
  • entre (spasio) (pr) = between, among, amidst, inter- (pr)
  • envelopa = envelope (folded paper covering a letter)
  • envia (v) = send, dispatch, transmit (v)
  • envolve (v) = wrap (v)
  • erba = grass (monocotyledonous plant of family Gramineae)
  • es (v) = be(v)
  • es composada de (v) = consist of, be composed of (v)
  • esamina (v) = examine, inspect (v)
  • esata (aj) = exact, precise (aj)
  • escava (v) = dig (v)
  • escusa (v) = excuse (v)
  • esemplo, model = prototype, exemplar, archetype, model, sample
  • esersita, practica = exercise, practice (effort made to improve skills/health)
  • esflue (v) = emit (to send out any form of matter/energy in any manner) (v)
  • esiste (v) = exist (v)
  • esita (v) = pause, hesitate, suspend action temporarily (v)
  • espera (v) = hope (v)
  • esperi (v) = experience (consciously live through an event) (v)
  • esperimente = experiment
  • espeta (v) = expect, anticipate (believe that X will come/happen), wait (for), await (v)
  • esplica = reason, explanation, justification, rationale
  • esplode (v) = burst ,explode (v)
  • esta (aj/pn) = this (demonstrative) (aj/pn)
  • estas = these
  • estate = summer
  • este = east
  • estende (v) = spread (begin to cover or cause X to cover more area) (v)
  • estende (v) = stretch, extend (v)
  • esterna (aj) = outer, exterior, external (aj)
  • estra (pr) = outside of, exterior to (pr)
  • estra, esetante = except for, besides, apart from, other than, excluding (pr)
  • esvasada (aj) = flared (opening up or spreading out from axis) (aj)
  • eticeta = label
  • evade (v) = escape, flee from (v)
  • evita (v) = avoid, evade, keep away from (v)
  • fa (v) = do, perform, engage in, make, render (specified activity) (v)
  • fabrica = factory
  • fala (v) = fail, miss, fail to hit/reach/see etc.(v)
  • falda = skirt, kilt, dress (any torso-garment open at the bottom)
  • faldon = apron
  • falsa (aj) = false, untrue, wrong, incorrect (aj)
  • familia = family
  • famos (aj) = famous (aj)
  • fango = mud
  • fantasma = ghost (manifestation of dead person's soul)
  • farina = flour (grain-powder)
  • fas = face
  • fasil (aj) = easy (aj)
  • fatigada (aj) = tired, weary (aj)
  • fato = fact (undisputed datum)
  • fava = bean (lima/snap/etc.
  • fea (aj) = ugly (aj)
  • febre = fever
  • fecunda (aj) = fertile (aj)
  • felis (aj) = happy (aj)
  • fem = woman (adult female person)
  • fema (aj) = female (aj)
  • fenetra = window
  • feri = wound
  • feri (viventes), dana (cosas) (v) = injure, damage, harm (v)
  • ferme = farm
  • fero = iron
  • ferovia = railroad
  • feses = feces, dung, excrement
  • festa = holiday
  • fesur = crack, fissure
  • feto, embrio = fetus (foetus), embryo
  • fia = girl
  • fia (me fia, tu fia...) = daughter
  • fidel (aj) = loyal (aj)
  • figato = liver
  • figo/figa (arbor/fruta) = fig (tree/fruit of genus Ficus)
  • filo, fibre = wire, thread, filament
  • final = eventually (in the far future) (av)
  • finge (v) = pretend, act, feign (v)
  • fini (v) = end, conclude, finish (v)
  • fio = boy
  • fio (me fio, tu fio...) = son
  • fisical (aj) = physical (not mental, concerning the body) (aj)
  • flexa = arrow (sharp-tipped shaft shot from a bow)
  • flor = flower
  • flota (v) = float (v)
  • flue, core (v) = flow (travel in a current) (v)
  • foco = fire
  • fol, stupida (aj) = foolish (aj)
  • folia = leaf
  • folia, telon = sheet (thin rectangle of paper/cloth/etc.)
  • fonde (v) = melt (v)
  • fondo = bottom
  • fora = hole
  • force = fork (instrument with >=2 prongs for picking up something)
  • foresta = forest
  • forma = form, shape
  • formica = ant (insect of family Formicidae)
  • forni (v) = bake (cook or harden by means of dry heat) (v)
  • forno = oven
  • foro = drill
  • forte (aj) = loud (of much sonic intensity) (aj)
  • fortia = force
  • fortia = strength (ability to exert physical power)
  • fortuna, acaso = chance, randomicity, luck
  • fosfor = match (little fire-stick)
  • fotograf = photograph
  • frajil (aj) = fragile, delicate (aj)
  • frase = sentence (of words)
  • frate = brother
  • frecuente, a multe veses (av) = frequently, often (av)
  • frecuentia (aj) = frequency (degree of oftenness or seldomness)
  • frena = brake
  • fresca (aj) = cool (aj)
  • freta (v) = rush, hurry, hasten (v)
  • fria (aj) = cold, chilly, frigid (aj)
  • fronte = front
  • fronte (de testa) = forehead
  • frota (v) = rub, abrade (v)
  • frugal (aj) = frugal, thrifty (aj)
  • fruta = fruit
  • fuca = kelp (seaweed of orders Laminariales and Fucales)
  • fuma = smoke
  • fungo = mushroom (a complex aerial fleshy fruiting body of a fungus)
  • fura (v) = steal (take in a criminal way) (v)
  • furni (v) = provide, supply, furnish (v)
  • fusil = gun (ballistic weapon)
  • futbal = football, soccer
  • futur = future (the f)
  • gaina = sheath
  • gal = chicken
  • gama = leg
  • ganto = glove
  • garda, manteni (v) = guard, monitor, watch over (v)
  • garga = throat
  • gas = gas
  • gato = cat (Felis catus)
  • gera = war
  • gida, puia (v) = drive, impel, propel (v)
  • gitar = guitar (stringed instrument played with the fingers)
  • gluteo = buttock
  • gota = drop (of liquid)
  • governa = government
  • gradal, par grado (aj) = gradual (aj)
  • grado = degree (the extent/intensity/scope of an action/condition/relation)
  • gramatica = grammar (rules and structure of a language)
  • grande (aj) = big, large (of much size), great (aj)
  • grandia = size (degree of largeness or smallness)
  • granizo = hail
  • gran = grain(s), cereal crop(s) and their seed(s)
  • grapa = staple (fastener)
  • gras = fat (oily/greasy material from animal adipose tissue or plant seeds)
  • grasia (v) = thank (express gratitude toward) (v)
  • grasios (aj) = grateful, thankful (aj)
  • gravita = gravity
  • grilo = grasshopper
  • gris (aj) = gray {British grey} (aj)
  • grupo = group
  • grupo = batch (quantity of things done/produced at one time)
  • gusta, valua (v) = like, enjoy (derive pleasure from) (v)
  • idea = idea, concept (thought-bundle)
  • identia = identity
  • ier (av) = yesterday (av)
  • imaje, pitura = picture, image
  • imajina (v) = imagine (v)
  • imita (v) = imitate, mimic (v)
  • importante (aj) = important (aj)
  • imposta = tax
  • inca = ink
  • inclinada (aj) = sloped, inclined/declined (not horizontal) (aj)
  • indente = dent, nick, indentation
  • indica (v) = indicate, point (v)
  • indicador, fas (de orolojo) = dial (circle marked with numbers/symbols)
  • individua = individual (one considered separately from one's species)
  • infla = swelling, inflation
  • informa = information
  • inosente (aj) = innocent, contra-guilty (aj)
  • inseto = insect
  • instrui (v) = teach (v)
  • insulta = insult
  • intelijente (aj) = intelligent (aj)
  • intende, vole (v) = intend, mean to, do deliberately, have as a purpose (v)
  • intercambia (v) = exchange, trade, swap (v)
  • interesa = interest (desire to pay attention to something), fascination
  • interferi (v) = interfere, hinder (v)
  • interna (aj) = inner, internal, interior (aj)
  • internasional (aj) = international (aj)
  • interval = interval (quantity of time between events X and Y)
  • intestino = intestines, gut(s), viscera
  • inunda, deluvio = flood, deluge
  • inventa (v) = invent (plan something which has never been made before) (v)
  • inverno = winter
  • inversada (aj) = inverted, upside-down (aj)
  • investi (v) = invest (v)
  • invita (v) = invite (v)
  • iris = iris (of eye)
  • isola = island
  • istoria = history (organized account of past events), chronicle
  • istoria, reporta, nara = story, report
  • ja (av) = already (prior to the time mentioned) (av)
  • jaca = jacket (a short and/or lightweight coat)
  • jacon = coat (heavy outer garment with sleeves)
  • jada = jade (the tough green gemstone)
  • jala (aj) = yellow (aj)
  • jar = jar, jug (big wide-mouthed bottle)
  • jardin = garden
  • jela (v) = freeze (v)
  • jelada = jelly (gelatinous semi-solid material), gel
  • jelo = ice
  • jelosia = jealousy, envy
  • jem (petra cara), joala = jewel, gem
  • jena = cheek (side of face below eye)
  • jene = gene
  • jeneros (aj) = generous, charitable (aj)
  • jenitor, madre o padre = parent
  • jeno = knee
  • jentil (aj) = gentle, mild (aj)
  • jerme = sprout (young shoot of plant)
  • jesta (v) = gesture (v)
  • jinastica = gymnastics
  • jinjer = ginger (plant/rhizome of genus Zingiber)
  • jinsen = ginseng (plant/root of genus Panax)
  • jornal = magazine (periodical publication), newspaper
  • joven (aj) = young (of little age; having existed/lived for a brief time) (aj)
  • jua = game (a rule-governed system of competitive amusement)
  • jua (v) = play, recreate, frolic (v)
  • judi (v) = judge (compare something to criteria), form an opinion about (v)
  • jueta = toy, plaything
  • junta (v) = add, append, join so as to cause an increase (v)
  • juntada, en junta, la un con la otra (av) = together (av)
  • juria = jury
  • jus = juice (fluid extracted from something)
  • justa (aj) = just, fair, equitable (aj)
  • la (art) = the (art)
  • la min, minima (aj, av) = least (aj, av)
  • la plu, masima (aj, av) = most (aj, av)
  • labio = lip
  • labora = work, effort, labor, toil
  • lado = side, flank, lateral area
  • lago = lake
  • lama = blade
  • lampa = lamp
  • lampo = lightning
  • lana = wool
  • langosta = lobster
  • lansa = spear, lance
  • lansa (v) = throw, toss (v)
  • larga (aj) = wide, broad (of space between objects) (aj)
  • largia = width (degree of wideness or narrowness)
  • larma = tear(drop(s))
  • lasera, rasca (v) = tear, rip (v)
  • laton = brass (copper-zinc alloy)
  • lava (v) = wash (v)
  • laxe (con multe spasio) (aj) = loose (contra-snug), baggy (aj)
  • laxe (no tensada, no streta) (aj) = loose (contra-taut), slack (aj)
  • lege = law (a rule enforced by a government)
  • legum = vegetable
  • leje (v) = read (v)
  • lejera (aj) = light (of little weight) (aj)
  • lenio = wood (the substance)
  • lenta (aj) = slow (aj)
  • lenta (av) = slowly (with little speed) (av)
  • lente = lens
  • lentil = lentil (plant/seeds of sp. Lens culinaris)
  • leon = lion (Felis leo)
  • lete = milk
  • letera, nota = letter (a message written and mailed)
  • leto = bed
  • letus = lettuce (plant/leaves of genus Lactuca)
  • levier = lever
  • lezardo = lizard
  • lia (v) = tie, bind (v)
  • libre (aj) = free (at liberty) (aj)
  • libro = book
  • licuido = liquid
  • lima = file (tool for abrading)
  • limita = limit, boundary
  • limpa (aj) = clean (aj)
  • lingua (de corpa) = tongue (body-part)
  • lingua (per comunica) = language (the verbal communication technique of a people)
  • linia = line (series of contiguous points)
  • lino = flax (Linum usitatissimum)
  • lisa (aj) = smooth (aj)
  • lisca (v) = slide, slip, glide (v)
  • lista = list
  • loca = place, location
  • local (aj) = local (aj)
  • loda (v) = praise, compliment, laud (v)
  • lojica = logic (formalized process of reasoning)
  • longa (spasio) (aj) = long (of much length) (aj)
  • longa (tempo) (aj) = long (of much duration) (aj)
  • longia = length (distance from one end to the other)
  • los (pn) = they (pn)
  • luna = moon (natural satellite of a planet)
  • lupo = wolf (Canis lupus)
  • lus = light (visible electro-magnetic radiation)
  • luta (v) = wrestle (v)
  • ma (cj) = but, however (cj)
  • macia = blemish, blot
  • macina = machine (device with moving parts)
  • madre, mama = mother
  • magnete = magnet
  • magra (aj) = thin, slender (small from one surface to the opposite surface) (aj)
  • mais = corn, maize (plant/seeds of sp. Zea mays)
  • majia = magic, sorcery
  • majoria = majority
  • mal (aj) = bad, evil (aj)
  • malada = disease, illness, sickness
  • maldise (v) = curse, damn (wish evil upon) (v)
  • malo/mala (arbor/fruta) = apple (tree/fruit of genus Malus)
  • mamal = mammal
  • manca (v) = lack (be without) (v)
  • mandarino/mandarina (arbor/fruta) = mandarin, tangerine (tree/fruit of sp. Citrus reticulata)
  • manico = handle (part of tool by which it is held)
  • mano = hand
  • manteni, garda (v) = keep, retain, go on having (e.g. "you should keep this book") (v)
  • mantis = mantis (insect of order Manteodea)
  • mapa = map (drawing of planet's surface)
  • mar = sea, ocean
  • marca = mark (visible traces left behind)
  • marea = tide
  • martel = hammer
  • mas (aj) = male (aj)
  • masa = lump, clod, blob, piece of no particular shape
  • mata (v) = kill (v)
  • materia = matter, material, substance
  • matina = morning (dawn to noon)
  • matura = mature, adult
  • max, parte = game, match (one particular encounter between competitors)
  • me (pn) = I (pn)
  • me mesma, tu mesma, se mesma, la person propre, auto- = self
  • media, sentra = middle, center
  • mediadia = noon
  • medianote = midnight
  • medisin = medicine (substance that makes one healthy)
  • melon = squash, melon (plant/fruit of genus Cucurbita grown for edible fruit)
  • membro = member (of group/organization)
  • mense = month
  • menta = mint (plant of family Labiatae)
  • mente = mind
  • menti (v) = lie (utter a known falsehood) (v)
  • mento = chin
  • mercato = market (place where goods are bought/sold/traded)
  • merita (v) = deserve, merit, be worthy of (v)
  • mesaje, nota = message (batch of transmitted information)
  • mesma (aj) = same, identical (aj)
  • mesura (v) = measure (v)
  • metal = metal
  • metodo = method, manner, way (of doing), technique
  • microscopio = microscope
  • miel = honey
  • mil (num) = thousand (num)
  • milion (num) = million (num)
  • militar (aj) = military (aj)
  • min (aj, av) = less (a smaller quantity of) (aj, av)
  • mineral = mineral, ore
  • ministro prima = prime minister
  • minoria = minority
  • minuto = minute (60 seconds)
  • miracle = miracle
  • miror = mirror
  • misca (v) = mix, blend (v)
  • misterio = mystery
  • mobilas = furniture
  • moda = vogue, trend, fad, fashion
  • model = pattern
  • mol (aj) = soft, malleable, yielding to pressure (aj)
  • mola = spring (metal helix)
  • mole (v) = grind (v)
  • molecula = molecule
  • molin = mill (place where raw materials are processed)
  • momente = moment, an instant
  • mone = money
  • moneta = coin
  • monta (v) = ride (sit/perch in/on a vehicle/horse/etc. and travel) (v)
  • montania = mountain
  • mor (aj) = dead (aj)
  • moral (aj) = moral (ethical) (aj)
  • morde (v) = bite (v)
  • mori (v) = die (v)
  • mori par inunda (v) = drown (die/kill via immersion) (v)
  • mosca = fly (small winged insect)
  • mosceta = mosquito
  • mostarda = mustard (plant of sp. Brassica hirta / B. nigra / B. juncea)
  • mostra, esibi (v) = show, exhibit, display (v)
  • motor = motor, engine
  • motosicle = motorcycle
  • move (v) = move (engage in motion / cause to engage in motion) (v)
  • multe (aj) = many (a large number of), much (a large quantity of) (aj)
  • multe (av) = much, very (to a large degree; with great intensity) (av)
  • multiplia (v) = multiply (v)
  • mundo = world
  • muro = wall
  • mus = mouse
  • musculo = muscle
  • museo = museum
  • musica = music
  • mutua (aj) = mutual, reciprocal (aj)
  • nada (v) = swim (v)
  • nara = fiction
  • nas = nose
  • nase = birth
  • nasion = nation, state (political entity)
  • nativa (aj) = native (naturally belonging to a given realm) (aj)
  • natura = nature (that which occurs spontaneously; the non-artificial world)
  • nebla = fog
  • nega (v) = deny (say that X is not true) (v)
  • negativa (aj) = negative (aj)
  • negosia = business, commerce
  • negra (aj) = black (aj)
  • neon = neon
  • nervo = nerve
  • nesesa (v) = need, require (v)
  • nesesada (aj) = necessary, needed, required (aj)
  • neutra (aj) = neuter (neither male nor female) (aj)
  • neva = snow
  • nido = nest, den, lair (an animal's self-made house)
  • nitrojen = nitrogen
  • nivel, plana (aj) = level, even (on the same level) (aj)
  • no = no
  • no (av) = not (av)
  • nome = name
  • nonagu (aj) = dull, blunt (of little sharpness) (aj)
  • nonregula (aj) = irregular, sporadic, intermittent (aj)
  • norde = north
  • norma = standard (noun)
  • normal (aj) = normal, ordinary, usual (aj)
  • nos (pn) = we (pn
  • nota = note, annotation
  • nota, oserva (v) = notice, observe (v)
  • note = night
  • nova (aj) = new, novel, recent (having been known for a brief time) (aj)
  • novas = news, tidings
  • nove (num) = nine (num)
  • noza = nut (hard-shelled fruit/seed with separable shell and kernel)
  • nube = cloud
  • nuda (aj) = naked, nude, exposed (without the usual cover) (aj)
  • numero = number, numeral (a word or symbol indicating quantity)
  • o (cj) = or (cj)
  • obedi (v) = obey (v)
  • obesa (aj) = fat, obese, plump (aj)
  • oblida (v) = forget (contra-remember) (v)
  • oci = hockey
  • oculo = eyeglasses
  • odi (v) = hate (v)
  • odor = smell, odor, aroma
  • ofisia, buro = agency, bureau, office
  • ofisial (aj) = official (issued with authority) (aj)
  • ofre (v) = offer (present for acceptance or rejection) (v)
  • oia (v) = hear (v)
  • oio = eye
  • ojeto = object (concrete tangible thing)
  • oji (av) = today (av)
  • olio = oil (a combustible fatty liquid that will not mix with water)
  • olivo/oliva (arbor/fruta) = olive (tree/fruit of sp. Olea europaea)
  • om = man (adult male person)
  • ombilico = navel
  • ombra = shadow, shade
  • onca = hook
  • onda = wave
  • onion = onion (plant/bulb of sp. Allium sepa)
  • opera (v) = operate (a machine) (v)
  • opina = opinion
  • oposante = opposite (opposing)
  • ora = hour (60 minutes)
  • orania (aj) = orange (having a hue between red and yellow) (aj)
  • oranio/orania (arbor/fruta) = orange (tree/fruit of Citrus sinensis / related spp.)
  • ordina = sequence, order (temporal arrangement of events in a series)
  • orea = ear
  • organiza (v) = organize (bring X's together to perform a task) (v)
  • organiza, grupo = club, society (voluntary association re
  • organo = organ (of body)
  • orgulia = pride (proudness; self-respect)
  • orijin = source, origin
  • orijinal (aj) = original, non-imitative (aj)
  • orizonal (aj) = horizontal (aj)
  • ornada (< ornar) = ornament, decoration
  • oro = gold (the precious metal)
  • orolojo = clock
  • orolojo de arena = hourglass
  • oscura (poca lus) (aj) = dark, dim (with little light present) (aj)
  • oscura, nonconoseda (aj) = obscure, unheard of (aj)
  • osida = rust, corrosion
  • osijen = oxygen
  • oso = bone
  • ospital = hospital
  • ostaculo = barrier, obstacle
  • otel = hotel, inn
  • oteni (v) = get, acquire, gain, obtain (vt)
  • oto (num) = eight (num)
  • otra (aj/pn) = other, another (aj/pn)
  • oval = oval, ellipse
  • ovea = sheep (Ovis aries)
  • ovo = egg
  • paceta = package, packet, parcel
  • paco, paceta = bundle, bunch (group of things tied or grouped together)
  • padela = pan (broad shallow cooking dish)
  • padre, papa = father
  • padron = master, lord
  • paia (v) = pay (v)
  • pais, nasion = country (nation)
  • paje = page (one side of a sheet of paper in a book)
  • pala = shovel
  • palma = palm (of hand)
  • palpa, toca (v) = feel (perceive with the tactile sense) (v)
  • pan = bread
  • paneto = sandwich
  • pantala = shorts, trunks (trousers extending no lower than knees)
  • pantalon = pants, trousers
  • pantan = swamp, marsh
  • paper = paper
  • papilio = butterfly
  • para (v) = stop (v)
  • paralel (aj) = parallel (aj)
  • parapluve = umbrella
  • parce = park (public outdoor area)
  • pardona (v) = forgive, pardon (v)
  • pare (v) = seem, appear to be, give the impression of (v)
  • parla (v) = speak, talk (v)
  • parlamente = parliament, congress (legislative body of elected officers)
  • parola = word
  • parte = part, allocation, allotment, portion
  • parti = departure
  • parti (v) = leave, depart, go away from (v)
  • partito, seta = party (political), sect (religious)
  • pas = peace (freedom from fighting or turmoil)
  • pasada = past (the p), earlier time
  • pasaporte = passport
  • pasea (v) = walk (v)
  • pasientia = patience
  • pasta (per comer) = pasta, noodles
  • pasta, cola = paste (any thick soft dough-like material)
  • patata = potato (plant/tuber of sp. Solanum tuberosum)
  • pavo = turkey (Meleagris gallopavo)
  • pedal = pedal
  • pede = foot (on which something stands)
  • pel = skin
  • pelicula = film (very thin layer)
  • pen = pen (writing tool that uses ink)
  • pena = comb
  • pende, suspende (v) = hang, suspend, dangle (v)
  • peneta = pencil, crayon (writing tool that uses semi-solid substance)
  • penis = penis
  • pensa (v) = think (v)
  • peper = pepper (black -- plant/seed of sp. Piper nigrum)
  • peperon = pepper (hot/sweet/bell pepper -- plant/pod of genus Capsicum)
  • per (pr) = for (to benefit; destined for; for the purpose of; in exchange for) (pr)
  • perce = why
  • per favore = please (formal request)
  • perde (v) = lose (cease having; contra-acquire); misplace (lose; become unable to find) (v)
  • peri (v) = waste, misuse (v)
  • periodo, epoca, eda = period, era, epoch
  • permanente (aj) = permanent, perpetual (aj)
  • permete (v) = permit, allow, let (v)
  • persepi (v) = perceive, detect (v)
  • person = person, human being
  • pesa (aj) = heavy (of much weight) (aj)
  • pesia = weight (degree of heaviness or lightness)
  • peso (de stofa) = patch (a piece used to cover/repair a flaw)
  • peso (un parte separada) = piece (a part broken/cut/separated from something larger)
  • peti (no grande) (aj) = small (of little size) (aj)
  • peto = chest (upper front of torso)
  • petrolio = oil (crude oil), petroleum
  • pex = fish
  • pi = pea (plant/seed of sp. Pisum sativum)
  • pico (aj) = tiny, minuscule (aj)
  • pila = pile, heap, stack of things or of a substance
  • pino = pine (coniferous tree of genus Pinus)
  • pinse = tongs
  • pinta = paint
  • piramide = pyramid
  • pizza = pizza
  • plaia = beach, shore
  • plana = plane (flat surface)
  • plance = board
  • planeta = planet
  • planta = plant (a vegetable life-form)
  • plase = pleasure
  • plastica = plastic (synthetic/processed moldable material)
  • plata (aj) = flat, planar (aj)
  • plato, plateta = dish, plate
  • platon = tray
  • plaza = square
  • plen (aj) = full, filled (aj)
  • plia (v) = fold (v)
  • plia, plieta = wrinkle, crease
  • plomo = lead (the metal)
  • plora (v) = cry, weep (v)
  • plu (aj, av) = more (a larger quantity of) (aj, av)
  • pluma = feather
  • pluve = rain
  • poca (no multe) (aj) = little, few (aj)
  • poesia = poem
  • polaria = polarity (electric, magnetic, etc.)
  • polisia = police (organization to enforce laws)
  • politica = politics
  • polo, bara, baton = pole, stick, post
  • polso = wrist
  • polvo = powder, dust
  • pompa = pump
  • pone (v) = put, place, translocate (v)
  • ponte = bridge
  • popa = doll, effigy
  • popla = people (a people), folk, the members of an ethnic group / nation
  • porco = pig, swine (omnivorous mammal of family Suidae)
  • porco (carne de) = pork
  • porta (v) = carry (move while supporting) (v)
  • porte = door
  • porto = port
  • pos (spasio) (pr) = behind, in back of, to the rear of (pr)
  • pos (tempo) (pr) = after (later than; in the future of) (pr)
  • posible (aj) = possible (able to happen or be done) (aj)
  • posible, cisa (av) = maybe, perhaps, possibly (av)
  • posese(v) = own (possess according to law or custom) (v)
  • positiva (aj) = positive (aj)
  • posmedia = afternoon (noon to dusk)
  • posmedianote, note tarde = graveyard shift, middle of the night (midnight to dawn)
  • posta, envia (v) = mail (transmit postally) (v)
  • posto = position (location relative to others)
  • potasio = potassium
  • pote (v) = can, could (is/are able to ...) (aux)
  • pote, aver permete, es permiteda, (v) = might, may (aux)
  • potia, capas, enerjia = power
  • povre (aj) = poor, impoverished (aj)
  • pox = pocket
  • prea (v) = pray (communicate with god(s)) (v)
  • preferi (v) = favor, prefer (v)
  • premio = prize, award
  • prende (v) = catch, take, capture, seize (v)
  • preocupa, ansia = worry, anxiety
  • preparada, pronto (aj) = ready, prepared for a task / event (aj)
  • presa (v) = push, press (v)
  • presedente (aj) = prior, preceding, previous, contra-next (aj)
  • presenta teatral, drama = play (performed by actors on stage), drama
  • presente (aora) = present (the present time; the now)
  • presente (esente a esta loca, no asente) (aj) = present (being in the indicated place; contra-absent) (aj)
  • presidente = president
  • preso = price, cost
  • presta a (v) = lend (v)
  • prestr de (v) = borrow (v)
  • prete = priest, clergyman
  • preveni, impedi (v) = prevent (keep from happening) (v)
  • prima (aj) = first (aj)
  • primavera = spring (the season)
  • primi (v) = print (to copy marks by pressing inked objects on paper) (v)
  • prison = prison, jail
  • privata (aj) = private (contra-public) (aj)
  • proba (v) = taste (perceive the flavor of) (v)
  • proba, demostra = proof, evidence
  • proba, demostra, esamina (v) = prove, test, check (v)
  • probable (aj) = probable (likely to happen/be) (aj)
  • problem = problem
  • profita = profit, gain
  • profonda (aj) = deep, profound (of much depth) (aj)
  • profondia = depth (distance from ground / baseline down to bottom)
  • programa = program
  • progresa = progress, advancement
  • proibi (v) = prohibit, forbid, contra-permit (v)
  • projeta = project, undertaking, venture
  • projeta, scema, desinia = plan, design
  • promete = promise (a claim about one's future actions), pledge
  • pronto (av) = soon (in the near future) (av)
  • proportio = ratio, rate, proportion
  • propria = property
  • prosede = process, procedure
  • prosede (de justa) = trial (in court)
  • prosima, a prosima (aj/av) = near (at / to a little distance) (aj/av)
  • proteje, defende (v) = protect, defend (v)
  • protesta, oposa = protest, objection
  • provinse = province (of Canada etc.), prefecture, state (of USA etc.)
  • pruno/pruna (arbor/fruta) = plum (certain trees/fruits of genus Prunus)
  • publica, numero (de jornal) = issue, edition (of periodical etc.)
  • publical (aj) = public (available to most or all persons) (aj)
  • publico = public, populace, the people (as in People's Republic)
  • pulea = pulley
  • pulmon = lung
  • puni (v) = punish (v)
  • punio = fist
  • punta (v) = aim (to point/direct X toward Y) (v)
  • puntos = score (the tally of points in a competition)
  • pura (aj) = pure, unadulterated, uncontaminated (aj)
  • purpura (aj) = purple (aj)
  • putri (v) = rot, decay (v)
  • radio = radio apparatus, wireless set
  • radis = root (of a plant)
  • raio = ray
  • ramo = branch (small part going out from main part)
  • rampe (v) = crawl (v)
  • rana = frog (web-footed tailless leaping amphibian)
  • rapida, pronto (aj) = quick (not slow) (aj)
  • rapida, pronto (av) = quickly, rapidly, swiftly (with much speed) (av)
  • rapidia = speed, velocity (degree of fastness or slowness)
  • rara, a poca veses (av) = seldom, rarely (av)
  • rarida (aj) = rarefied, tenuous, diffuse, dilute, sparse, wispy (aj)
  • rasa = race (group of people with similar characteristics)
  • rasa, corti la barba (v) = shave (v)
  • rasador = razor
  • rasca = scratch
  • rasto = rake
  • razona = reasoning, rational thought
  • re = king
  • rea = queen
  • real, vera (aj) = real, actual (aj)
  • rebondi (v) = bounce, rebound (v)
  • reclama = claim, assertion (statement of unknown accuracy)
  • recolier (v) = harvest, reap (v)
  • recompensa (v) = reward (v)
  • reconose (v) = recognize (v)
  • recorda (v) = remember (v)
  • rede = net
  • refusa (v) = reject, refuse (contra-accept) (v)
  • refusada = garbage, trash, rubbish
  • regarde (v) = look (v)
  • regrete (v) = regret (v)
  • regula = rule, regulation
  • regulal (aj) = regular, periodic (at uniform intervals) (aj)
  • rel, bara = rail (usually horizontal bar for restraining/supporting things)
  • relasa, libri (v) = release (quit keeping/restraining) (v)
  • relata, asosia = relationship, association
  • relijio = religion
  • remo = paddle, oar (stick with broad end)
  • ren = kidney
  • repara (v) = repair, fix (v)
  • reposa (en leto...) (v) = lie (recline horizontally) (v)
  • representa (v) = represent (act as a substitute for) (v)
  • repulsa (v) = repel (v)
  • resente (av) = recently (in the near past) (av)
  • reserva = store, cache, reserve, reservoir
  • reseta (v) = receive (v)
  • resinia, renunsia (V) = resign (v)
  • respeta (v) = respect, venerate, esteem (v)
  • respira (v) = breathe (v)
  • responde = answer, reply to a question or argument
  • resta = rest (of ...), remainder, leftovers, remnant
  • resta, sta (v) = remain, stay (v)
  • restorada, refrescida, renovida (aj) = refreshed, zesty, perky (aj)
  • restorante = restaurant
  • resulta = result, consequence
  • reta (aj) = straight (not bent) (aj)
  • retangula = rectangle
  • retarda (v) = delay, retard, tarry, postpone (v)
  • retarda, frena (v) = restrain, inhibit, hold back (v)
  • retil = reptile
  • retrae (v) = retrieve, fetch (go to X and bring it back) (v)
  • retro = rear, back part of
  • revela = revelation, mystical vision
  • revela (v) = reveal, disclose (v)
  • reveni, revade, redona (v) = return (go or send back to previous place/condition) (v)
  • reversada, a retro (av) = backward (in reverse order) (av)
  • revolta = riot
  • rica (aj) = rich, wealthy (aj)
  • rie (v) = laugh (v)
  • rijida, dur (aj) = stiff, rigid (aj)
  • rio = river
  • ris = rice (plant/seed of sp. Oryza sativa)
  • ritmo = rhythm
  • rituo = ritual, rite, ceremony
  • roca = rock, stone
  • roceto = rocket
  • roja (aj) = red (aj)
  • rol = role (an individual's function)
  • rola (v) = roll (move like a ball/cylinder by turning over and over) (v)
  • rompe (v) = break (into pieces) (v)
  • ronda, sirculal (aj) = round (circular or spherical) (aj)
  • rosa = rose (plant/flower of genus Rosa)
  • rota = wheel
  • ru (aj) = rough, coarse, contra-smooth (aj)
  • ruido = noise (confused/randomized sound/stimuli)
  • sabor = flavor, taste
  • saco = sack, bag
  • saison = season
  • saja (aj) = wise (aj)
  • sal = salt
  • sala = room, chamber
  • salada = salad
  • saleta privata, vason = toilet, water closet
  • salsix = sausage
  • salta (v) = jump, leap (v)
  • salva (v) = save, rescue (v)
  • sana (aj) = healthy (aj)
  • sangue = blood
  • santa (aj) = holy, sacred (aj)
  • sapato = shoe
  • sapon = soap
  • sasia = satisfaction
  • savaje (aj) = wild, feral, untamed (aj)
  • scafal = shelf
  • scafal = rack (framework of bars for storage)
  • scala = ladder
  • scalera = stair(s)
  • scarpa = cliff
  • sceleto = skeleton
  • scermo = screen, mesh
  • scermo, protejador = shield (a protective implement)
  • sci = ski
  • sclavo = slave
  • scola = school
  • scopa = broom
  • scrive (v) = write (v)
  • scuadra = team, crew, squad
  • scude, ajita (v) = shake (v)
  • scural = squirrel (rodent of family Sciuridae)
  • seca (aj) = dry (aj)
  • secondo = second (1/60th of a minute)
  • secreta (aj) = secret (aj)
  • securador = lock (device for securing doors)
  • securi = insurance (protective contractual arrangement)
  • securia = safety, security
  • seda = silk
  • segue (v) = follow (v)
  • seguente (aj) = next (coming immediately after; "tomorrow" = the next day) (aj)
  • seja = chair (furniture for one person to sit on)
  • selebra (v) = celebrate, rejoice (v)
  • selo (per posta) = stamp (noun)
  • semana = week
  • seme = seed
  • sempre, a tota tempo (av) = always (at all times), ever (at any time) (av)
  • sene = ash
  • senior = Mister, Mr.
  • seniora = Ms., Miss/Mrs.
  • seno = breast, mammary
  • sensa = sense (ability to perceive a given kind of stimuli)
  • senta (v) = sit (be in a sitting position) (v)
  • sentenio = century
  • senti (v) = feel (experience an emotion/sentiment) (v)
  • sento (num) = hundred (num)
  • separada (aj) = separate (aj)
  • separada, a otra parte (av) = apart, separately (av)
  • sera = evening (dusk to midnight)
  • serebro = brain
  • seri = series (a number of similar things following one another)
  • seria, grave (aj) = serious, earnest, grave (aj)
  • seringa = syringe
  • serpente = snake, serpent (reptile of suborder Serpentes or Ophidia)
  • serpentin, vagante (aj) = serpentine, meandering, convoluted (aj)
  • serta (aj) = certain, sure (aj)
  • servi (v) = serve (provide service to) (v)
  • servo = deer (animal of family Cervidae)
  • ses (num) = six (num)
  • sesa (v) = cease, stop doing, quit (v)
  • sesamo = sesame (plant/seed of genus Sesamum)
  • sesion = section, segment (a part somehow different/separated from others)
  • seso = sex, gender
  • sesto = basket
  • sete (num) = seven (num)
  • sfera = sphere
  • si = yes
  • si (cj) = if (on condition that...; supposing that...) (cj)
  • sibila (v) = whistle (v)
  • sicle = cycle (one complete performance of a periodic process)
  • sielo = sky
  • sielo, paradiso = heaven, celestial realm, Valhala etc.
  • siensa = science
  • siera = saw (tool)
  • sifra = code (cryptographic system)
  • sigareta = cigarette
  • silaba = syllable
  • silenta (aj) = silent (aj)
  • silindre = cylinder
  • simbol = symbol, sign, token
  • simia = monkey, small primate
  • simile (aj) = similar (aj)
  • simple (aj) = simple (aj)
  • sin (pr) = without, with no ..., lacking (pr)
  • sinco (num) = five (num)
  • sinema = movie, motion picture
  • sinia = sign (board with public notice written on it)
  • sinifia = meaning (semantic content of a word)
  • sinistra (aj) = left(-hand) (aj)
  • sintur = belt
  • sira = wax
  • sirca (spasio) (pr) = around, encircling, surrounding (pr)
  • sircula = circle
  • sisor = scissors
  • sistem = system
  • sita (v) = quote, cite (v)
  • site = city
  • sivilia = civilization
  • sodio = sodium
  • sofito = ceiling
  • sofla (v) = blow (move/cause to move as a current of gas) (v)
  • soia = soya, soybean (plant/seed of sp. Glycine max)
  • sol = sun
  • sola (av) = only, solely, exclusively (av)
  • soldato = soldier
  • solida = solid (not a gas or liquid)
  • solitar, triste (aj) = lonely (feeling undesirable solitude) (aj)
  • solo = floor (bottom of room)
  • soma = total, sum, aggregate
  • sona = sound (audible waves in the air)
  • sonia = dream
  • sopa = soup
  • sore = sister
  • spada = sword
  • spala = shoulder
  • spasio = space, room, void
  • spele (v) = spell (orthographical) (v)
  • spesa (aj) = thick, fat (large from one surface to the opposite surface) (aj)
  • spesia = thickness (of a solid object, etc.)
  • spesie = species
  • spesifada, spesial (aj) = specific, special, particular (aj)
  • spina = spike, barb, cleat, thorn
  • spina (spina dorsal) = spine, backbone
  • spinax = spinach (plant/leaves of sp. Spinacia oleracea)
  • spiral = spiral, whorl
  • spiral, bobin, enrolada = coil
  • spirito = soul, spirit (believed to outlive the body)
  • spise = spice, seasoning
  • sponja = sponge (real/synthetic corpse of animal of phylum Porifera)
  • sposa = wife
  • sposi = marriage (spousal relationship)
  • sposo = husband
  • spuma = foam, froth
  • sputa (v) = spit (v)
  • sta (v) = stand (v)
  • stanio = tin (the metal)
  • state = condition, state, status
  • stela = star
  • stilo = stylus
  • stofa, tela = cloth, fabric (material made of threads)
  • stomaco = stomach
  • stornui (v) = sneeze (v)
  • strada, rua, via = street, road
  • strana (aj) = strange, weird, unusual, peculiar (aj)
  • strato = layer
  • streta (no larga) (aj) = narrow, of little width (of space between objects) (aj)
  • streta, ajustada (aj) = snug (just large enough to contain X), tight (in this sense) (aj)
  • strutur = structure, frame
  • studia (v) = study (v)
  • stupida (aj) = stupid (aj)
  • su (pr) = under, below, beneath (pr)
  • sua = sweat, perspiration
  • subita (aj) = sudden, abrupt (aj)
  • suca (v) = suck (v)
  • sude = south
  • sufri (v) = suffer (v)
  • sujesta, proposa (v) = suggest, propose (offer an idea) (v)
  • sujeto, tema = subject, topic of discussion
  • sulca, ranur = furrow, rut, groove
  • sulfur = sulfur
  • sumita, abandona = submission, surrender
  • suposa (v) = suppose, presume (v)
  • supra (pr) = above, over (pr)
  • sur (pr) = on (resting on; touching the top or other surface of) (pr)
  • sur, sirca (relata) (pr) = about (pertaining to; on the topic of) (pr)
  • surfas = surface
  • surie (v) = smile (v)
  • surprende (v) = surprise, startle (v)
  • susede = success
  • susede (v) = succeed (v)
  • susolo = cellar, basement
  • susta, suporta (v) = support (v)
  • sustitui = substitute, surrogate (temporary replacement)
  • sustitui, recambia = replacement (permanent substitute/substitution)
  • sutrae, estrae (v) = remove, subtract, take away, delete (v)
  • tabaco = tobacco (plant/leaves of sp. Nicotiana tabacum)
  • table = table (piece of furniture with flat top)
  • taie = waist
  • tal (aj) = such (like these) (aj)
  • talento, capasia = talent, skill, knack, ability, capacity
  • talia (v) = trim, prune (cut off ragged edges) (v)
  • talon = heel
  • tambur = drum (hollow musical instrument beaten with sticks or hands)
  • tapeto = rug, mat
  • tapo = plug, seal, stopper
  • tarda (aj/av) = late, tardy (aj/av)
  • tas = cup (small bowl with handle)
  • taxe = task, chore, job, assignment
  • te = tea (plant/leaves of sp. Camellia sinensis)
  • teatro = theater
  • tecnolojia, tecnica = technology
  • tela = towel
  • telefon = telephone
  • telescopio = telescope
  • television = television set
  • teme (v) = fear (be afraid of) (v)
  • temperatur = temperature (relative amount of heat present)
  • tempeste = storm
  • tempo = time (the dimension/continuum of past-present-future)
  • tempora (aj) = temporary, transient (aj)
  • temprana, prematura (aj/av) = early, premature (aj/av)
  • tende = tendency, propensity, inclination
  • tende (v) = reach, extend as far as (v)
  • teni (v) = hold, grasp (v)
  • tenis = tennis
  • tensa (aj) = taut, tight, tense, strained (aj)
  • tentar (v) = tempt (v)
  • teoria = theory
  • tepida (aj) = warm (aj)
  • tera (la planeta) = earth (terra firma contrasted with sea and heaven)
  • tera (su la pedes) = dirt, earth (tangible), soil
  • tera, tereno = land (property)
  • tese (v) = weave (v)
  • testa = head
  • testiculo = testicle
  • testo = document
  • teto = roof
  • tigre = tiger (Felis tigris)
  • tipo, jenero, spesie = kind, sort, type, variety (of...)
  • tira (v) = pull (draw something toward oneself) (v)
  • tirano = dictator, tyrant
  • toca, palpa (v) = touch (v)
  • tomate = tomato (plant/berry of genus Lycopersicon)
  • tona = thunder
  • tono = tone, pitch (frequency of sound waves)
  • tore = tower
  • tornado = tornado
  • torse, jira (v) = turn, rotate, revolve (v)
  • tortuga = turtle (reptile of order Testudinata)
  • tortura, tormenta (v) = torture, torment (v)
  • tota (aj) = all (the whole number or entire sum of) (aj)
  • tota, bastante (av) = quite (very) (av)
  • tra (pr) = across, through (pr)
  • trae (v) = bring (cause something to come along with one toward a place) (v)
  • trapa = trap
  • tre (num) = three (num)
  • trematera = earthquake
  • tren = train (of railroad)
  • triangula = triangle
  • trigo = wheat (plant/seed of sp. Triticum aestivum)
  • triste (aj) = sad, unhappy, melancholy (aj)
  • tro (av), tro multe (aj), plu ce nesesada = too much, excessively (av)
  • tro poca, nonsufisinte (av) = too little, insufficiently (av)
  • trompa = horn (makes noise when blown)
  • trova (v) = find (discover the location of) (v)
  • truco = trick, chicanery
  • tu (pn) = you (pn)
  • tubo = pipe (a hard tube for transporting liquid)
  • turba, problem = trouble, difficulty
  • ueste = west
  • ultima (aj) = last, final (after all others) (aj)
  • ultra, plu distante ce (pr) = beyond, farther than, exceeding (pr)
  • umida, moiada (aj) = wet (aj)
  • umil (aj) = humble, modest (aj)
  • un (art) = a (art)
  • un (num) = one (num)
  • ungia = nail (fingernail)
  • uni (v) = unite (v)
  • uniforme = uniform (special garments worn by members of a group)
  • universa = universe, cosmos
  • universia = university
  • urina = urine
  • urso = bear (animal of Ursidae family)
  • usa (v) = use, utilize (v)
  • util = tool, utensil, implement
  • uvo/uva (planta/fruta) = grape (plant/fruit of genus Vitis)
  • vacua (aj) = empty (aj)
  • vacuia = vacuum
  • vade (v) = go (move from starting point to elsewhere) (v)
  • vaga (v) = drift, wander (v)
  • vajina = vagina
  • vale = valley
  • valua = value (the quality of being useful and/or desirable), worth
  • valva = valve (flow-controller)
  • vapor = steam, mist
  • vapori (v) = evaporate (v)
  • vaso = pot (deep round vessel)
  • vea (aj) = old (aj)
  • veculo, transporta = vehicle
  • vela = sail
  • veliada (aj) = awake (aj)
  • velo = veil
  • vena = vein, blood vessel
  • vende (v) = sell (v)
  • venena = poison, toxin
  • veni (v) = come, arrive (at indicated place) (v)
  • venjansa = revenge, vengeance, retribution, getting even
  • venta = wind
  • ventador = fan (device to create air current)
  • vera (aj) = true (aj)
  • verde (aj) = green (aj)
  • vergonia = shame
  • verje, diverje = turn, divert (send in a different direction) (v)
  • verme = worm
  • versa (par acaso) (v) = spill (accidentally emit liquid) (v)
  • versa (v) = pour (cause to flow) (v)
  • vertical (aj) = vertical (aj)
  • ves = time (e.g. "do it 3 times"), occasion, instance, iteration
  • veste = garment (item of clothing), clothing, clothes
  • via, curso = way, route, path, course
  • viaja = journey, trip, voyage
  • vide (v) = see (v)
  • vijilante, atendente (aj) = alert (aj)
  • vile, vileta = village
  • vinagra = vinegar
  • vino = wine
  • violente (aj) = violent, harsh (aj)
  • virus = virus
  • visco, aderinte (aj) = sticky (aj)
  • visco, densa (aj) = viscous, thick (of high viscosity) (aj)
  • vise = screw (threaded fastener)
  • visita (v) = visit (v)
  • vitro = glass
  • vive = life
  • vive (v) = live (be alive) (v)
  • vivente (aj) = alive (aj)
  • vocabulo = vocabulary (sum of words available to a person/people)
  • vocal = vowel
  • vola (v) = fly (move through the air) (v)
  • volcan = volcano
  • vole (v) = will, would (aux)
  • volpe = fox (member of genus Vulpes)
  • vomita (v) = vomit (v)
  • vos (pn) = you (pn
  • vose = voice
  • vota (v) = vote (v)
  • xace = chess
  • xapo = hat, cap
  • xarnier = hinge
  • xasa (v) = hunt, pursue (with intent to capture and/or devour) (v)
  • xece = check (written order directing a bank to pay from an account)
  • xef = chief, leader
  • xef (aj) = chief, main, primary, principal (aj)
  • xerca (v) = seek, search (for), look for (v)
  • ximine = chimney, fireplace, hearth
  • xocolada = chocolate
  • xuta, fusili, lansa (v) = shoot (cause to rapidly go forth) (v)
  • zelia (aj) = enthusiasm, zeal
  • zero (num) = zero (num)
  • zuca = calabash
  • zucar = sugar
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